Official speeches and statements - June 14, 2016
2. United States of America - Shooting in Orlando - Homophobia - Statement by M. Jean-Marc Ayrault, Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Development (Paris, 12/06/2016)
3. United Kingdom - Interview given by M. Jean-Marc Ayrault, Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Development, to France 24 (New York, 11/06/2016)
4. Climate - COP21 - High-level Business Dialogue - Opening speech by M. François Hollande, President of the Republic (Paris, 10/06/2016)
5. Climate - COP21 - Paris Agreement - Communiqué issued by the Ministry of the Environment, Energy and Marine Affairs (Paris, 10/06/2016)
The French President condemns with horror the massacre in which more than 20 people died and about 40 were wounded in Florida overnight.
He expresses the full support of France and the French people for the American authorities and people in this ordeal.
I was extremely shocked to learn of the shooting that took place on the night of Saturday to Sunday in Orlando, which exacted a terrible toll.
My thoughts go first of all to the victims’ families, to whom I extend my condolences, as well as to the many wounded, whom I wish a speedy recovery.
I express my wholehearted solidarity with the American people and their authorities in this dreadful ordeal. In the face of such an event, France stands alongside the United States.
Q. - Brexit is the subject everyone is talking about in Europe. So, this week you said it would obviously be a very bad thing if the leave vote won in the United Kingdom. Is it as certain as that? Wasn’t what was finally negotiated in February at European level, the concessions made to the United Kingdom—throughout Europe we’re seeing very negative opinions of the European Union—, isn’t Europe so weakened that the United Kingdom’s exit from the European Union would be an opportunity for a fresh start?
THE MINISTER - An exit would create an earthquake. An earthquake for Europe, destabilization obviously, even though it would recover—it has enough strength to do that. At the same time, it would create an earthquake for Britain itself.
If this vote wins, it’s a bit like entering the unknown. But I’m confident, I believe that at the last moment—a referendum campaign is always very tough and occasionally very controversial, very intense—the British will think again and say to themselves: "where’s our historical interest?", and they’ll decide to remain.
In any case, what you’re talking about, i.e. a Europe bringing less hope and fewer dreams than it has done at other times, is going to compel us—Europe’s political leaders—to respond to people’s expectations.
What could be done? There are initiatives which must be taken very swiftly to revitalize the European project, not only by technical but political means. (...)
Ségolène Royal and I are very pleased to be your hosts for this lunch and then the dialogue we’re going to engage in with you on the climate. I also welcome the business leaders, members of Parliament who have been actively involved in ensuring that this event is a success, and the Chairman of the African [Development] Bank, who is here. It’s very important for us to have the best relations with these major development banks. Nicolas Hulot has done us the pleasure of coming back to a place he knows well—Marigny (1)—where, for over two and a half years, he had his office and worked to make COP21 a success.
What I wanted to tell you by way of an introduction to this lunch is that since the Paris Agreement—and this was Ségolène Royal’s wish—we’ve been working to get the agreement ratified as quickly as possible following its signature by 175 countries, and even more since 22 April 2016. We also made sure France was one of first countries to ratify it. So my thanks go to the National Assembly and the Senate for putting us in the best position to persuade the others since, as you know, there must be 55 countries which account for 55% of emissions in order for the agreement to come into force.
We think this is possible by the end of 2016. I myself insistently expressed the wish for this during the G7 meeting. For its next meeting in June, the European Union will once again have to be mobilized to reach this target. We must move fast because we also have to prepare the COP22 meeting in Morocco and we want the momentum triggered in Paris to continue and be amplified.
So we want to put several issues up for discussion.
The first issue is carbon pricing, because the member countries wanted to commit to this demand to give carbon a price, as did the businesses represented here. I know the message that Gérard Mestrallet in particular wanted to get across throughout the preparations for the Paris Agreement: giving carbon a price, ensuring we can define a [price] band globally. We know that it will take time, that stages are needed, but unless at some point there’s a determination—we’ll talk about it again this afternoon—to fully promote this issue, we won’t get the results that are set out in the agreement.
The second issue is being able to mobilize the private sector as much as possible, and that’s what we’re doing by means of this breakfast and also the meeting. The OECD is absolutely decisive in ensuring that we can give businesses the visibility and that they themselves can provide transparency and criteria that could justify their investments, and so I especially thank the COP President for having, after Laurent Fabius, provided this perspective, so that we can not only implement the agreement but go further than the agreement, and particularly on this issue of carbon pricing.
(1) The Hôtel de Marigny is a state-owned residence in Paris used, among other things, to accommodate those paying state visits to France.
Today, 10 June, the European Commission in Brussels presented a proposal for the ratification of the Paris Agreement by the European Union.
Ségolène Royal welcomes this decision which comes just a few days after a meeting between the COP21 President and Jean-Claude Juncker, President of the European Commission to speed up the European Union’s ratification of the Paris Agreement, and [she also welcomes] the French Parliament’s adoption of the bill to ratify the agreement.
"This decision enables Europe to keep setting the example and maintain its leadership, and I’m convinced that the Parliament, Council and member states will complete their ratification procedures without delay," said Ségolène Royal.
"The draft decision on the European Union’s ratification of the Paris Agreement will be presented to the European Council of Environment Ministers on 20 June and will then be examined by the European Parliament and by the European Union’s Council of Ministers on 28 June, with a view to its adoption between now and COP22, to be held in Marrakesh in November," the COP21 President added.
In the coming months, the Commission intends to propose targets to the member states aimed at reducing emissions in sectors which are not part of the Emissions Trading System, such as transport, agriculture and construction.
The proposals the European Commission will submit this summer, together with the revision of the Emissions Trading System, will enable us to meet the EU’s other commitments under the Paris Agreement, and they are an integral part of Europe’s ambitious climate change policy.
The Commission’s proposal on the ratification of the Paris Agreement on behalf of the European Union is currently subject to the approval of the European Parliament and the Council. It takes the form of a Council decision. The European Parliament’s approval is required before the Council adopts the decision. When the decision has been approved, the Council will appoint the person or persons who, on the European Union’s behalf, will present the ratification instrument to the United Nations Secretary-General.
Concurrently, the European Union member states will have to ratify the Paris Agreement individually, in line with their national parliamentary procedures.
The Paris Agreement will come into force provided it is ratified by 55 countries accounting for at least 55% of global emissions.