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20th Climate Change Conference (Lima, December 1 to 12, 2014)

20th Climate Change Conference (Lima, December 1 to 12, 2014)

Published on December 1, 2014
Interview given by M. Laurent Fabius, Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Development, to France 2
Paris, December 4, 2014


Q. – What are you expecting from the Lima Climate Conference?

THE MINISTER – Three watchwords: urgency, ambition, hope.

The urgency is the issue of climate disruption. Scientists and everyday observation show that there’s increasingly serious climate disruption due to what are known as greenhouse gases. If we don’t reverse the trend, it’s going to be extremely serious, i.e. increasing hot weather…

Q. – Is it possible [to reverse the trend]?

THE MINISTER – It’s possible, provided that greenhouse gases are limited, and this is a matter of urgency; it can’t wait 50 years. Once greenhouse gases are in the atmosphere you can’t get them back, they accumulate. This means that sea levels rise, it’s incredibly hot, there are climate extremes, it’s very difficult to feed ourselves, there’s migration and insecurity. So it’s a matter of the utmost urgency!

The second watchword is ambition. In Lima this year, and above all in Paris next year, the goal is to reach a global agreement, 195 countries saying what we’re going to do to prevent this temperature rise, with practical measures in the various industries etc.

The third watchword is hope. Until now, there have generally been failures. You may remember Copenhagen… Here, there’s a different trend – China and the United States, the two biggest polluters, have committed themselves. Europe has made a commitment. In France, there’s the energy transition act. So we’re hoping that in Paris, where the biggest diplomatic conference ever organized by France will be held, we’re heading for success; we hope so, we’re working on it. It’s very difficult but I’m making every effort to succeed. (…)./.

Statements made by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Development Spokesperson

The Conference of the Parties to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change will take place from December 1 to 12 in Lima (COP20). This is a key step toward reaching a universal agreement on the fight against climate disruption in Paris in December 2015 (COP21).

The French delegation will be led by Mr. Laurent Fabius, Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Development, and will include Ms. Ségolène Royal, Minister of Ecology, Sustainable Development and Energy, and Ms. Annick Girardin, Minister of State for Development and Francophony. Ms. Laurence Tubiana, Ambassador and Special Representative of Laurent Fabius for COP21, will be part of this delegation.

The goal of the Lima Conference is to start identifying points of consensus and define a common approach for determining the national contributions that each country must make during the first quarter of 2015.

On December 12 in Lima, Mr. Laurent Fabius and the French delegation will officially launch preparations for the 2015 Paris Conference (COP21-CMP11). In its capacity as host of the future presidency of the COP, France will listen to the views of all members of the conference in order to build consensus and reach a universal agreement at the end of 2015.

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