At the invitation of M. Nicolas Sarkozy, President of the French Republic, Mr Hu Jintao, President of the People’s Republic of China, is paying a State visit to France from 4 to 6 November 2010. The two heads of State had in-depth discussions on bilateral relations and international issues, on which they shared broad agreement.
Since diplomatic relations were established between France and China 46 years ago, significant progress has been recorded in these relations and today they are strategic, comprehensive and ground-breaking. Thirteen years after establishing their global partnership, France and China have decided to give their relationship a new boost in order to build a new type of mature, stable and comprehensive strategic partnership based on mutual trust and reciprocal benefits, and open to the world.
The two parties consider that in today’s multipolar, globalized world, the global governance system must be thoroughly reformed. In this respect, the rapid development of the emerging countries is encouraging international relations to become fairer and more balanced.
Both permanent members of the United Nations Security Council and two of the world’s largest economies, France and China have a special responsibility. Their relationship must continue to serve as an example. The two countries will have to make an important contribution to world peace, stability and development, respect the aims and principles of the United Nations Charter and promote multilateralism, with due regard for every country’s independent, sovereign right to choose its development path. A new type of relations between major partners, geared to the future, must emerge on the basis of the principles of cooperation between equals, tolerance and mutual benefit.
The two parties will also have to deepen their coordination and cooperation in international affairs, combat together the major global threats, particularly in the area of weapons of mass destruction and their means of delivery and work to resolve regional crises, especially those concerning Afghanistan, the Iranian nuclear issue and denuclearization of the Korean peninsular.
The two parties consider that the G20 must place world growth and the international financial system on a healthier and more robust footing, and that it must be the principal forum for international economic cooperation. The Chinese party is actively supporting the forthcoming French G20 presidency. Both parties stress the importance for every country in the world of adopting coordinated, stable and time-consistent macroeconomic policies, taking forward the international monetary and financial system and combating excessive commodity price volatility.
France and China also wish significantly to improve the mechanisms of global economic governance. They support the reform of the international financial institutions, including the IMF, designed to adapt them to today’s world
The two parties are determined to combat all forms of protectionism and are keen to see a rapid conclusion of the Doha Round with ambitious, comprehensive and balanced results, based on maintenance of the current mandate and the progress achieved.
Both parties share the desire to see the United Nations Conference on Climate Change to be held in Cancún in Mexico culminate in an agreement commensurate with the challenges, with due regard for the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) together with its Kyoto protocol and the Bali Roadmap mandate. The two countries are engaged in particularly close cooperation in environmental protection, sustainable development and fighting climate change. They intend to deepen their partnership in this area and strengthen their dialogue and consultations as well as their pragmatic cooperation.
France and China agreed to strengthen their cooperation on development issues and reaffirm their support for the efforts to achieve the Millennium Development goals.
The two parties consider that economic cooperation in Africa will contribute to development of the African economy and support cooperation between their companies in Africa.
Underpinned by the new dynamic which its modernized institutions give the European Union, the EU-China relationship is set to break new ground. China accords great importance to her relationship with the European Union in the political as well as economic and cultural spheres and is intent on endeavouring to strengthen the comprehensive EU-China strategic partnership. France will continue playing a leading role in promoting the development of this relationship. Both parties take the view that the European Union must lift the embargo on arms sales to China and recognize, as soon as possible, her status as a fully-fledged market economy.
The two parties will pursue their close high-level exchanges. They will deepen their strategic dialogue to promote reciprocal understanding and mutual strategic trust, and strengthen bilateral cooperation.
They reaffirm their strong commitment to the Sino-French relationship. They will base this on a long-term strategic approach, mutual consideration and respect for both countries’ sovereignty, territorial integrity and fundamental interests in order to develop the comprehensive strategic partnership between France and China.
France and China appreciate the progress achieved in the EU-China dialogue on human rights and intend to strengthen their dialogue and exchanges on this on the basis of equality and mutual respect.
Bilateral relations between France and China have seen an exceptional development in trade, reciprocal investments and human, cultural and scientific exchanges. Among the first to do so, France has made a point of supporting China’s modernization through the implementation of concrete cooperation projects.
The two parties stress their determination to build closer, long-term and innovative economic and trade relations, with due regard for the principle of mutual benefit and joint development.
Consolidating industry partnerships in the nuclear, aerospace and railway sectors, underpinned by these principles, are an important part of bilateral cooperation. Based on three decades of successful partnership, France and China have decided to expand nuclear cooperation still further, extend the areas of cooperation and together develop new projects, including in third-country markets, while at the same time pursuing the cooperation projects currently under way.
France and China are encouraging those of their companies involved to begin pragmatic, detailed consultations in order to take cooperation further in the whole nuclear fuel cycle. France reaffirms her determination to deepen cooperation with China in the fields of uranium extraction, fuel manufacture, nuclear power plant construction in both national and third country markets, and spent fuel reprocessing/recycling. China shares France’s determination.
The two parties agreed to deepen their long fruitful cooperation in the aerospace industry by developing the cooperation between Airbus and other French companies and Chinese airlines and industrial companies, with the A320 assembly line in operation in Tiajin, participation of French manufacturers in China’s C919 aerospace programme and joint research on a multi-mission helicopter for civilian use (EC175/Z15).
France and China also reaffirm their joint interest in giving a new boost to their historic cooperation in rail transport.
Over and above these traditional partnerships, France and China have identified new innovative partnerships, particularly in the priority spheres of the environment, sustainable development, agriculture and agri-foodstuffs as well as financial services, and are keen to strengthen cooperation between their companies in these sectors. The two parties will also strengthen cooperation in the emerging sectors, particularly in the new energies, bio-industries, new materials, electric vehicles, the circular economy and near-zero emission technologies.
The two parties recognize that these new business partnerships will be achievable only in the framework of open economies and thus give the same priority to fighting trade protectionism. They will work to step up protection for intellectual property. They will encourage more balanced bilateral trade relations. The French party welcomes the efforts deployed by China with a view to joining the WTO Agreement on Public Procurement. The two parties will sign as soon as possible a new agreement on preventing double taxation and will support cooperation between SMEs and the projects which facilitate their financing. They will also continue to encourage bilateral investments, already growing strongly, by offering them a favourable and fair environment.
The two parties are keen to see a rapid conclusion of the negotiations between China and the European Union on migration and mobility, including the facilitation of exchanges between people, and reiterate their determination to cooperate in the fight against illegal immigration.
To promote deeper mutual knowledge between their peoples, the two parties decide to increase their cooperation further in the cultural, educational, scientific and technological spheres and foster greater cooperation between their local authorities. They support the establishment of long-term stable cooperative relations between their cultural institutions and are encouraging both the latter and individuals to participate in festivals and other cultural events organized in the other country. Building on the film cooperation agreement signed earlier in the year, they also agreed to give more encouragement to exchanges and cooperation in radio and television broadcasting and the film industry.
They intend actively to promote the creation and development of partnerships between their schools, expand exchanges between schoolchildren and support the spreading of the French language in China and Chinese language in France.
The two parties will continue to fully implement their joint scientific and technological research projects, energetically back the joint creation of research establishments and strengthen cooperation in research and innovation by bringing together companies, universities and research establishments./.