EU Neighbourhood Policy
New European Union Neighbourhood Policy
The Ministre d’Etat, Minister of Foreign and European Affairs, made a statement on the new European Union Neighbourhood Policy.
A major external action tool of the European Union, this policy allows the EU neighbourhood to be stabilized and a partnership and association policy established towards 10 countries of the Mediterranean’s southern shore and six Eastern European neighbours (Belarus, Moldavia, Ukraine, Georgia, Armenia and Azerbaijan). €13 billion is being devoted to it over the period 2007-2013. In the wake of the Arab Spring, it was overhauled to make it more effective, more responsive and better able to address the needs of the countries in transition.
In the south, the Neighbourhood Policy focuses on four areas: increased support to the Deauville Partnership countries (Tunisia, Morocco, Egypt, Jordan and Libya); dialogue on migration issues; the deepening of economic relations through deep and comprehensive free-trade agreements; and the relaunch of the Union for the Mediterranean on the basis of concrete, anchor projects.
The Eastern Partnership summit, which was held in Warsaw on 29 and 30 September, confirmed the momentum created since 2009 to promote political and economic reforms in the European Union’s Eastern neighbourhood and closer cooperation with those countries (trade liberalization, movement of people). The summit demonstrated that the European Union had no intention of compromising on respect for democratic values and human rights, and drew the appropriate conclusions with regard, in particular, to the serious restrictions on freedoms in Belarus and the setbacks recently observed in Ukraine./.