Do you have any reaction to the joint statement adopted yesterday in Geneva by Russia, Ukraine, the United States and the European Union?
France urges all parties to implement this statement in good faith and without delay. We want the May 25th presidential election—whereby all Ukrainians will be called upon to express themselves, in order to freely determine their future—to unfold in the best possible conditions.
What does this text call for?
It calls on all the parties to refrain from acts of violence, intimidation and provocation. It provides for the disarmament of illegal groups, the evacuation of occupied buildings and public spaces, and an amnesty for those who lay down their weapons, with the exception of those with blood on their hands. The Special Monitoring Mission of the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe will play an important role in the implementation of these de-escalation measures.
What would lead you to adopt a third wave of sanctions?
The priority, today, is the implementation of the Geneva statement, which must make this de-escalation a concrete reality. Based on how it is implemented, we and our partners will decide if there are grounds for adopting new sanctions.
What are the criteria for making that assessment?
We will base that decision on our analysis of the situation and of concrete signs of de-escalation. Let me remind you that an OSCE mission is on the ground and will be expanded. We support it, and part of that support includes sending French experts. The OSCE monitors will gather information that will make it possible to gain an objective view of the situation.