France, which will hold the presidency of the 21st Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change in December 2015 in Paris, and Mexico, which will chair the 13th Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity in November 2016, call for the strengthening of international action in support of sustainable development.
Our two countries reaffirm their commitment to reaching, in Paris in December 2015, a legally binding, universal, ambitious and fair agreement commensurate with the challenges we are facing and the expectations of our citizens.
To this end, we call for the acceleration of negotiations, reflecting the full commitment of countries as well as their leadership.
We call on all countries to present, between now and COP21 – as they have pledged to do so – the most ambitious contributions possible, notably in terms of greenhouse gas emissions reductions, including over the long term, and climate change adaptation initiatives. We urge the countries in a position to do so to set out in 2020 indicative targets for lowering the carbon intensity of their economies by 2050.
In this respect, we welcome the fact that Mexico and France, together with the EU, presented in March their planned nationally determined contributions within the framework of the Paris Agreement, which is an unequivocal sign of our determination to resolutely address the challenges of climate change.
In order to effectively limit global warming to less than 1.5 or 2 degrees centigrade, a target that requires a reduction in the carbon intensity of the global economy in the second half of the 21st century, we support the adoption of a lasting agreement that is capable of evolving and will provide for the regular review of national objectives and collective goals within the framework of a robust and transparent mechanism that will help strengthen mutual trust.
We also encourage developed countries to step up their efforts in order to uphold their commitment to mobilizing $100 billion in public and private funding per year from 2020 in support of the fight against global warming in developing countries, with increased efforts on adaptation to its effects and while improving
transparency. We call on all other countries in a position to do so to assist in these financial efforts.
These will only be effective if they are based on national economic policies that take climate risks into consideration, notably through the widespread use of carbon pricing, the elimination of fossil fuel subsidies and increased incentives for investment in resilient, low carbon infrastructure.
The success of the Paris Climate Conference is crucial to preserving our planet and its biological diversity. To that end, we are pursuing our cooperation with a view to promoting significant agreements enabling us to make decisive progress in the area of preservation and the sustainable use of biodiversity at the 13th Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity.
As an expression of their commitment, Mexico and France have decided to step up their cooperation on climate change by encouraging the establishment of strategic alliances fostering the transfer of clean technologies and scientific knowledge, and strengthening national capacities to ease the transition to a carbon-free economy. The two countries will also work together on soil decontamination, ocean acidification, and such areas as sustainable waste management and sustainable transportation. Mexico and France will make these issues a priority in their respective regions./.