Paris Climate Conference/“The Climate challenge and African Solutions” summit
The French President, together with the United Nations Secretary-General, chaired a summit today, Tuesday 1 December, on the theme “The climate challenge and African solutions”, organized as part of COP21 at Paris Le Bourget.
The summit brought together 12 African heads of state, the African Union Commission Chairperson and representatives of several governments and international institutions (the World Bank, the African Development Bank).
During the summit, the Head of State stated his ambition for COP21 to provide an opportunity to implement practical projects in Africa, facilitate the adoption of a lower-carbon development model and support adaptation to the climate disruption being observed on the continent. He recalled that Africa, which was not responsible for climate change, is nevertheless already suffering its most serious consequences. He added that he shared the African countries’ wish that finance for Africa should be released as quickly as possible, without waiting for 2020.
François Hollande pledged to increase to more than €2 billion France’s funding for renewable energy in Africa over the period 2016-2020. This effort will represent a 50% increase in French bilateral commitments compared to the last five years.
Projects financed by France can come under the framework of the African Renewable Energy Initiative, promoted by the African Union. They will enable projects designed both by African governments and by civil society organizations and local authorities to be implemented. These programmes can encourage the use of solar, wind,
hydroelectic and geothermal power, depending on each country’s potential.
With regard to fight against desertification, and adaptation to climate change, the President said France would gradually triple its bilateral commitments in Africa, to reach €1 billion a year by 2020. This effort responds to the African countries’ call for sustainable development financing to be more dedicated than it is today to adaptating to climate disruption. France’s development aid will focus primarily on projects which are part of the African initiatives the Great Green Wall and the protection of Lake Chad and the Niger River.
All these projects show that the Agenda of Solutions for the climate, a major objective of COP21, will be implemented in many forms on the African continent./.