Official speeches and statements - October 18, 2017
2. European Union - Foreign Affairs Council - North Korea: EU adopts new sanctions - Press communiqué issued by the Council of the European Union (Luxembourg - October 16, 2017)
3. European Union - Foreign Affairs Council - Agreement on Iranian nuclear program - EU statement on the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (Luxembourg - October 16, 2017)
The murder of Maltese investigative journalist Daphne Caruana Galizia is a heinous attack on the freedom of the press, which is essential to the proper functioning of any democratic society.
We hope that the investigation under way can shed light on this tragedy.
France extends its condolences to Daphne Caruana Galizia’s family and assures the Maltese people and authorities of its solidarity at this painful time. (...)
On 16 October, the Foreign Affairs Council discussed the situation in the Korean peninsula and in particular the continuing development of the DPRK’s nuclear weapons and ballistic missiles in violation and flagrant disregard of UN Security Council resolutions.
Given the persistent threat to international peace and stability posed by the DPRK, the Council adopted new EU autonomous measures to further increase the pressure on the DPRK to comply with its obligations. The measures complement and reinforce the UN Security Council sanctions. They take effect immediately.
The new measures include:
- a total ban on EU investment in the DPRK, in all sectors. The ban was previously limited to investment in the nuclear and conventional arms-related industry, in the sectors of mining, refining and chemical industries, metallurgy and metalworking and aerospace;
- a total ban on the sale of refined petroleum products and crude oil to the DPRK. These exports were subject to certain limitations under the UN Security Council resolution of 11 September;
- lowering the amount of personal remittances transferred to the DPRK from €15,000 to €5,000; as they are suspected of being used to support the country’s illegal nuclear and ballistic missile programs.
In addition, with a view to eliminating remittances to the DPRK, member states agreed not to renew work authorizations for DPRK nationals present on their territory, except for refugees and other persons benefiting from international protection.
The Council also added three persons and six entities supporting the illicit programs to the lists of those subject to an asset freeze and travel restrictions. This brings the total number under restrictive measures against the DPRK as designated by the EU autonomously to 41 individuals and 10 entities. In addition, 63 individuals and 53 entities are listed by the UN.
Ministers also agreed to actively lobby for a robust implementation of all relevant UN Security Council resolutions by all UN member states.
The EU is implementing all UN Security Council resolutions adopted in response to the DPRK’s nuclear weapons and ballistic missile programs. In addition, the EU has imposed autonomous restrictive measures against the DPRK, complementing and reinforcing the UN sanctions regime.
(Source of English text: European Council website.)
1./ The JCPOA, the culmination of 12 years of diplomacy facilitated by the EU, unanimously endorsed by UN Security Council Resolution 2231, is a key element of the nuclear non-proliferation global architecture and crucial for the security of the region. Its successful implementation continues to ensure that Iran’s nuclear program remains exclusively peaceful. The EU underlines that the International Atomic Energy Agency has verified eight times that Iran is implementing all its nuclear-related commitments following a comprehensive and strict monitoring system.
2./ The EU is committed to the continued full and effective implementation of all parts of the JCPOA. The EU underlines that the lifting of nuclear-related sanctions has a positive impact on trade and economic relations with Iran including benefits for the Iranian people. It strengthens cooperation and allows for continuous dialogue with Iran.
3./ The European Union considers President Trump’s decision not to certify Iran’s compliance with the Joint Comprehensive plan of action (JCPOA) as being in the context of an internal US process. The EU encourages the US to maintain its commitment to the JCPOA and to consider the implications for the security of the US, its partners and the region before taking further steps.
4./ While the EU expresses its concerns related to ballistic missiles and increasing tensions in the region, it reiterates the need to address them outside the JCPOA, in the relevant formats and fora . The EU stands ready to actively promote and support initiatives to ensure a more stable, peaceful and secure regional environment.
5./ At a time of acute nuclear threat the EU is determined to preserve the JCPOA as a key pillar of the international non-proliferation architecture.
(Source of English text: European Council website)