Official speeches and statements - September 25, 2018
2. Libya - Chair’s conclusions of the Meeting on Libya (New York, 24/09/2018)
1. A ministerial meeting of the E3/EU+2 (China, France, Germany, the Russian Federation and the United Kingdom, with the High Representative of the European Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy) and the Islamic Republic of Iran, the participants of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, was held on 24 September 2018 in New York.
The participants considered ways forward to ensure the full and effective implementation of the JCPOA in all its aspects. They also took stock of the process of finding and operationalizing practical solutions for issues arising from the unilateral withdrawal of the United States from the agreement and the re-imposition of sanctions lifted under the JCPOA and its Annex II, which they deeply regret.
2. The meeting was chaired by the EU High Representative, Federica Mogherini, and was attended by the E3+2 and Iran at the level of foreign ministers.
3. The JCPOA participants reconfirmed their commitment to its full and effective implementation in good faith and in a constructive atmosphere. They recalled that the JCPOA is a key element of the global non-proliferation architecture and a significant achievement of multilateral diplomacy endorsed unanimously by the UN Security Council through Resolution 2231.
4. The participants recognised that Iran has continued to fully and effectively implement its nuclear-related commitments, as confirmed by 12 consecutive reports by the International Atomic Energy Agency, and reiterated the need to continue to do so. Participants will continue to support the modernisation of the Arak research reactor as part of the JCPOA and the conversion of the Fordow facility in a nuclear, physics and technology centre. Participants also reaffirmed their support for projects in the area of civil nuclear cooperation on the basis of Annex III of the JCPOA.
5. The participants recognized that, alongside implementation by Iran of its nuclear-related commitments, the lifting of sanctions, including the economic dividends arising from it, constitutes an essential part of the JCPOA.
6. Participants underlined their determination to protect the freedom of their economic operators to pursue legitimate business with Iran, in full accordance with UN Security Council Resolution 2231.
7. The participants equally highlighted the extensive work and substantial progress undertaken to date, the intensiﬁcation of technical dialogues, efforts to maintain and improve bilateral economic relations, and the mobilization of considerable resources by all, including with third countries interested in supporting the JCPOA and in pursuing, in a timely and effective manner, the normalization of trade and economic relations with Iran.
8. In this context, the participants welcomed the fact that updates to the EU’s "Blocking Statute" and the European Investment Bank’s external lending mandate to make Iran eligible entered into force on 7 August.
9. The participants reaffirmed their continued commitment to the objectives mentioned in the statement of the Ministerial Session of the Joint Commission of the JCPOA on 6 July 2018, in particular to pursue concrete and effective measures to secure payment channels with Iran, and the continuation of Iran’s export of oil and gas condensate, petroleum products and petrochemicals.
10. Mindful of the urgency and the need for tangible results, the participants welcomed practical proposals to maintain and develop payment channels, notably the initiative to establish a Special Purpose Vehicle, to facilitate payments related to Iran’s exports (including oil) and imports, which will assist and reassure economic operators pursuing legitimate business with Iran. The participants reaffirmed their strong will to support further work aimed at the operationalization of such a Special Purpose Vehicle as well as continued engagement with regional and international partners.
11. The participants stressed their determination to support practical solutions concerning the above and agreed to keep progress under close review and to convene the Joint Commission, including at ministerial level, as appropriate in order to advance common efforts.
12. The participants recalled that these initiatives are aimed at preserving the JCPOA, which is in the international interest./.
At the invitation of French Foreign Minister Jean Yves Le Drian, ministers and high representatives of Libya, Tunisia, Algeria, Egypt, Morocco, Niger, Italy, the United States, the United Kingdom, China, Russia, the European Union, the African Union and the Arab League gathered in New York on 24 September 2018 and held consultations with Prime Minister Fayez Sarraj and UN Secretary-General Special Representative Ghassan Salame, participating from Tripoli.
They reaffirmed their full support for UN Special Representative Ghassan Salame and his action plan as well as his efforts to facilitate an inclusive, Libyan-led and Libyan-owned political solution.
Participants condemned the recent violations of the ceasefire in Tripoli, particularly the indiscriminate shelling that resulted in civilian casualties, and underscored the urgent need for the restoration of stability in the Libyan capital based on a durable cessation of hostilities. Those pursuing their aims through violence should not be allowed to hold the Libyan political process hostage. In this spirit, they reiterated their support to ongoing efforts by the United Nations Support Mission in Libya (UNSMIL) to de-escalate fighting and ensure the protection of civilians and called on all parties to implement and uphold the 4 September ceasefire; in addition, they commended steps by the Government of National Accord to implement necessary security arrangements in Tripoli and in particular the decision to reinforce Libyan regular military units.
Participants expressed their commitment to hold accountable those who threaten to undermine Libya’s peace, security and stability, or undermine the successful completion of its political transition, in accordance with United Nations Security Council Resolution 2213 (2015).
In this respect, participants will continue to work in support of UNSMIL and receive their suggestions regarding individuals who should be sanctioned.
Participants urged all Libyan leaders to engage constructively with Special Representative Salame, in a spirit of true compromise and with a view to reinforcing the momentum generated by the international conference on Libya hosted, under the auspices of the United Nations, in Paris on 29 May 2018, in order to work constructively towards the unification of Libya’s military and economic institutions and to chart a viable path to adopt a constitution and move forward credible, peaceful and well prepared elections as soon as possible. They acknowledged in particular the important role played by Prime Minister Fayez al-Sarraj, welcomed the promising municipal elections held in three Libyan cities and urged all Libyan leaders to promote national reconciliation in cooperation with the UN political process. They called on the Libyan House of Representatives and its members to meet their responsibilities by taking the appropriate electoral legislation.
Participants voiced their support for ongoing Libyan discussions about how to improve fiscal transparency and promote an equitable distribution of the country’s resources, within the framework of the Libyan Political Agreement, endorsed by the United Nations Security Council through resolution 2259 (2015). In particular, participants noted the urgent need to move forward with a comprehensive economic reform package and urged the Government of National Accord to take all necessary steps to improve financial policy, ensure effective government, and tackle mismanagement and corruption. Participants also invited the SRSG to put forward propositions for effective economic and monetary reforms regarding the misuse of letters of credits and fiscal transparency.
The participants also reiterated their support for the preservation of the sovereignty, territorial integrity, unity and national cohesion of the Libyan people. Libyans should decide their own future without foreign interference. The international community must speak with one voice in support of Special Representative Salame as he works with all Libyans to promote a stable, unified and prosperous future for their country./.